harappan civilization upsc

Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. Chanhudaro was the only town without a citadel. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. Subjects: Social Studies - History, Ancient History, Other (Social Studies - … MYUPSC - GRASP IAS Main Menu. ; The remains of the civilization were first noticed at Harappa, therefore it is also known as the Harappan civilization. Harappan Civilization Centenary Of Discovery UPSC IAS. Town Planning. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a bronze-age civilization. Get Drishti Publications books & magazines on Amazon - click here! There is a clear absence of large monumental burials indicating absence of kings. Millets are also found from sites in Gujarat. Millets are found from sites … It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. Indian culture Indus Valley . QUESTION: 9 Give chronological order of their discovery No clear evidence of rice has been found. The late Harappan phase from 1900 BC to 1300 BC. B. Drainage System. The Yogi on the seal is surrounded by buffalo, tiger, elephant, rhinoceros, and deer. Many sites in Sind formed the central zone of the pre-Harappan culture. Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. Harappan Burials . If we look for a centre of power or for depictions of people in power, Some archaeologists are of the opinion that Harappan society had, Another theory argues that there was no single ruler, but, The Harappans, therefore, looked upon the earth as a, This god is surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros, and has a buffalo below his throne. Kot Dijian (Early Harappan) phase Circa 2800-2600 BC Harappan Phase Circa 2600-1900 BC Transitional Phase Circa 1900-1800 BC Late Harappan Phase Circa 1800-1300 BC Important Findings. Their most important artistic work are seals. Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, UPSC Mains 2020 Paper Discussion by Drishti IAS | Internal Security & Governance – Watch On YouTube, Rationalisation of Autonomous Bodies - In News – Watch On YouTube, Today's GK - January 19, 2021 | Drishti IAS English – Watch On YouTube, Need of a more transparent approach in the vaccination campaign | Editorial Analysis -Jan 19, 2021 – Watch On YouTube, Balance Sheet of a Bad Bank: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, K-SHAPED RECOVERY- Simplified – Watch On YouTube, Drishti The Vision(A Unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. 2. Situated on the Bank of river Indus in Larkana district of Punjab (Pakistan). It extended from Jammu in the north to the Naramada estuary in the south, and from the Makran coast of Baluchistan in the west to Meerut in the north-east. Indus Valley Civilization marks the beginning of the history of India. They practised navigation on the coast of the Arabian Sea. Generally, 1-2 MCQ type questions are asked in Prelims and question can be asked in the Mains exam well. Bangle making and shell ornament making was also practiced. Known as Harappan Civilisation, it existed between 3300 BC to 1900 BC. Harappan people were mostly peasants and thus the Harappan civilization was an agro-commercial civilization. Answer: The remains of the two towns, Mohenjo-daro and Harappan reveal and remarkable sense of town planning—the drainage system, the Great Bath, … Although the Harappans practised agriculture, The importance of trade in the life of the Indus people is witnessed by the, Metal money was not used and trade was carried by. However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. It extended from Manda in Jammu in the north to Daimabad in the south and from Alamgirpur in western U.P to Sulkagendor in Baluchistan in the west. A. Hence, the correct answer is option D. Q10. Archaeological data indicates the persistence of the Late Harappan culture till 1000-900 BC. It is called Harappan because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. Recently, there has been a tendency to push back the time limit on both sides of the test method called Dendrochronology. The most important public place for Mohenjodaro seems to be great bath. One theory claims that Indo-European tribe i.e. Get in touch with our course counselors to get more information about our courses. It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. In southwestern Balochistan province, Pakistan on Dast river, Gujarat on Bhogva river near Gulf of Cambay. Harappan civilization forms part of the proto history of India i.e. 3. Harappan culture was famous for its distinguished system of town planning. It is considered one of the earliest urbanized civilization of the world. THE Harappan civilization was discovered in 1920-21 following the excavations by R.D. The mature Harappan phase from 2600 BC to 1900 BC. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. This is the brief overview of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC Civil Services Examination. At his feet appear two deer.The depicted god is identified as, The IVC declined around 1800 BCE but the actual. 2700- BC.1900 ie. Towns were divided into parts namely citadel and lower town. It was meant for ritual bathing. In this lecture, Shivangi will discuss about the Harappan Culture - The Bronze Age Civilization for UPSC CSE 2021 aspirants. 1. Exercises. … the script is there, but it cannot be deciphered and belongs to the Bronze Age. It flourished around 2500 years ago in the western part of Asia which comes in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. Question 1. UPSC Exam; UPSC NCERT Books; Harappan Burials. A trade point between Harappa and Babylon, Evidence of both pre-Harappan and Harappan culture, The Early Harappan Phase is related to the, By 2600 BC, the Indus Valley Civilization had entered into a, The early Harappan communities were turning into large urban centers, like. The geographical spread of Harappan Civilization with special reference to some important centres has been highlighted. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Indus Valley Civilization. Harappan civilization[since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization[it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. Indus Valley Civilisation or Harappan Civilisation is an important Period of Ancient History. Ans . The early Harappan phase from 3300 BC to 2600 BC. The Harappan civilization is marked by a large number of copper objects. 2. The Indus valley people were very fond of ornaments (of gold, silver, ivory, copper, bronze and precious stones) and dressing up. There were several archaeological cultures in the region prior to the Mature Harappan. C. Both A and B. Other crops that they grew included pulses, cereals, cotton, dates, melons, pea, sesamum, and mustard. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU’S. Ltd.)641, 1st Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Opp Signature View Apartment, New Delhi-110009, Please login or register to view note list, Please login or register to list article as bookmarked, Please login or register to make your note, Please login or register to list article as progressed, Copyright © 2018-2021 Drishti The Vision Foundation, India. The Harappan civilization is referred to as a bronze age civilization, mostly unalloyed copper was used for manufacturing artefacts, and only rarely tin was alloyed in copper to make bronze. 2700- BC.1900 ie for 800 years. Across the border of India and Pakistan, known as the Pre-Harappan phase of Indus-Saraswati civilization. In the current scenario, while all the offline coaching for UPSC is closed, you can rely on our online courses and study material for your preparation. Which was the most frequently depicted aminal. 1. General Studies I; General Studies II; General Studies III; General Studies IV; Exam Date Update; About Us; … HOME Menu Toggle. The area formed a triangle and accounted … To which age … It is called Harappan civilization because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modem site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. The signs of a gradual decline of the Indus River Valley Civilization are believed to have started around 1800 BC and by 1700 BC, most of the cities were abandoned. Harappan civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. While the prevalence of agriculture is indicated by finds of grain, it is more, Representations on seals and terracotta sculpture indicate that the. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700. UPSC Express. Click here for Online Inquiry form to join Drishti IAS programmes. The Harappan culture arose in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent. A dockyard has been found at Lothal which is the longest building of Harappan Civilization. But on the whole almost everyone has accepted the period of Harappan civilization from 3000 BC to 1500 BC. Land and sea trade was in vogue in Indus Valley Civilization. Wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesame, lentil, chickpea and mustard were produced. The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization spreading from today’s North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-West India. Harappans worshipped the mother Goddess. Situated on the bank of river Ravi in Montgomery district of Punjab (Pakistan). Since at … Indus Valley Civilization: NCERT History MCQs for UPSC IAS/State PSC and other exams. Harappan Sites discovered … Let us learn about this very important part of our history. Granary was the largest building of Mohenjodaro. In this article, we are providing you with a PDF which contains Important facts related to Indus Valley Civilization, Pre History Sites, their location, specification etc. It is evident from the terracotta figurine recovered from Harappa. It is believed that the Indus Valley region experienced several. This topic is extensively discussed in our General Studies-I course for the UPSC Mains exam. 4. 1. In later cultures various elements of the IVC are found which suggest that civilization did not disappear suddenly due to an invasion. Skip to content. The Indus valley civilization is also called the Harappan culture. Indus Valley Civilization/ Harappan Civilization- social, economic, cultural activities during this period; art and crafts : Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements:(2011) It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element, though present, did not dominate the scene, A building called Great Bath has been found at Mohenjodaro. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. They also carried commerce with those in the land of the, The Harappans carried on long distance trade in, The Harappans were very well acquainted with the, The potter's wheel was in full use, and the Harappans produced their. Get all the details of our online courses here. Pashupati seal has been found in Mohenjodaro in which a Yogi has been depicted. These question will make you to score better in your competitive exams. Mention any two sources to reconstruct the Harappan Civilization. While IVC is on the banks of Indus, Egyptian Civilization flourished on the banks of the river Nile, Mesopotamian Civilization flourished on the banks of Tigris or Euphrates river and Chinese Civilization flourished on the banks of Hwang Ho river. Apart from making artefacts out of pure copper, Harappan craftspersons alloyed copper with arsenic, tin, or nickel. What were the main characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization? The Indus Valley (Harappan Civilization): InstructionsThe main objective of this lesson is for students to analyze Harappan artifacts and make inferences about what Harappan society was like.Resources have been updated for Digital Learning! In this article, we will discuss important points of Indus Valley Civilization for the Civil Services Examination. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. Currently the Harappan civilization dates back to 2300 BC to 1750 through radiocarbon 14 experiments. More than 4000 specimens of scripts were found in excavations. • Enormous quantities of wood were needed to make copper and bronze and Ratnagar maintains that, this would have devastated the surroundings forests. Banerjee at Mohenjodaro and by D.R. History: Indus valley civilization [2500 BC-1500 BC]-The sensational discoveries made at Harappa in West Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Sind has revolutionized idea of ancient Indian history. All rights reserved    |, Sociology Mains Test Series 2020 - Join Now, Prelims Test Series 2021 (Online) - Join Now. The Harappan Civilization (MCQ - 2) 1. May 26 2015 • Uncategorized • 1023 Views • No Comments on Harappan Burials. Ornaments were worn by both men and women, rich or poor. Harappan Civilization which aroge on the foundation of pastoral and agricultuial communities and small townships. Most Important 50 MCQ of Indus Valley Civilization. Features of Indus Valley Civilization. Hence, it was called an urban civilization. In Indus Valley Civilization, pottery was an important industry and the significance of the pottery can be noted from the fact that harappan pictographical scripts were mainly found on potteries. The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as Harappan Civilization. On the valleys of river Indus. Copper and bronze artefacts included vessels, spears, knives, short swords, arrowheads, axes, fishhooks, needles, mirrors, rings, and bangles. Drains were built of burnt bricks and covered by stone lids. for 800 years. Indian History Question Bank Free PDF Download. It flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. It refers to the continuity of the population and material traditions between Early Harappan and Harappan Civilization. Only simple pottery of daily use and some scattered objects are kept indicating … Harappans were the earliest people to grow cotton. There are four important stages or phases of evolution. Critics of AIT note that Sarasvati river is extensively mentioned in the Rig Veda, and is referred to as “greatest of rivers”. Skip to content. Download Indus Valley Civilization notes PDF. Indus Valley Civilization is the home to the largest of the four of its contemporary urban civilizations namely Mesopotamian or Sumerian Civilization, Egyptian Civilization, and Chinese Civilization. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives and lifestyles of our ancestors. The Early Harappan Culture was the product of the gradual development of those early farming communities, which were emerged in greater Indus-Saraswati plain and piedmont areas. The script, however, is not alphabetical but pictographic and it has not been deciphered yet. We will discuss art and culture and basic features. Another important feature of IVC is the drainage system. Beneficial for SSC , Bank, UPSC, CDS, NDA, Railway NTPC & All Govt Exams. ; It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. Harrapan civilisation: a very important topic for upsc prelims as well as mains examination. Home; Daily Current Affairs; SYLLABUS. Seals are made of steatite and they are square in shape. Salini at Harappa. Citadels were occupied by members of the ruling class and the lower town was inhabited by the common people. ICSE Solutions Selina ICSE Solutions ML Aggarwal Solutions. Read more about Indus Valley Civilization, town planning in IVC and other IVC facts for IAS Exam. No evidence of temples has been found in this civilization. The Indus valley civilization gradually developed to a full-fledged civilization which has been established through a continuous sequence of strata named as Pre-Harappan, Early Harappan, Mature Harappan and Late Harappan … IAS Current Affairs. Since it belongs to the Bronze/Chalcolithic age, it is also known as the Bronze Age Civilization. Harappa was the first site of the civilization to be excavated in 1921. Also known as Harappan Civilization. Students can complete and submit their work using fillabl. The burials of Harappans are simple with fewer grave goods. These cultures were associated with distinctive pottery, evidence of agriculture and pastoralism; Grains found at Harappan sites include wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea and sesame. Town planning is the most important and distinguishing feature of the Harappan Civilization. Beginning of city life. The Harappan civilization along the now-defunct Sarasvati river gradually deurbanized due to declining monsoons, rather than collapsed abruptly. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. Indus Valley Civilization Pottery, remained plain most of the times and it further enabled us to understand the gradual evolution of various design motifs as employed in different shapes, and … It attempts to familiarise … In the 1920s, the excavations were carried out in the Indus Valley regions, where ruins of the old cities were found. The remarkable thing about the arrangement of the houses in the cities is that they followed the, In almost all cities every big or small house had its own, At sites such as Dholavira and Lothal (Gujarat), the entire settlement was. In the video titled "Ancient History: 2.1 Indus Valley Civilization - Prepare for UPSC IAS" presented by Dr. Roman Saini, various themes of significance such as Pre History, Harappan Civilisation, Characteristics of Indus Valley Civilisation etc.have been dealt with in detail. Till 1920, the relics of the civilization were found only in the Indus valley region; therefore, it was known as the Indus civilization. C. Both A and B. D. None of these. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Harappan Civilization. The first city to be unearthed was Harappa. Features of Indus Valley Civilization BC. This falsifies the AIT account that the Rig Veda … Explanation: Harappan Civilization covered part of Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajastan and some parts of Western U.P. Explore General Studies - I Online Course. They grew wheat and barley on a large scale. The excavation team was led by Daya Ram Sahni. Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) forms a vital portion of Ancient Indian History and questions from the same … The use of baked bricks in Harappan cities is remarkable. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. • Ecological destruction theory is that the Indus valley civilization was a Bronze Age culture, which began in 3000 BC. In 1920-21, the Harappan civilization was discovered in the excavations by D. R. Salini (at Harappa) and by R. D. Banerjee (at Mohenjo Daro). Origin. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. Indus valley civilization of India is even superior to that of Mesopotamia and Egypt.The Indus-Valley people were well-acquainted with the use both of cotton and wool. 80% of the settlements were on the banks of the now lost Saraswati River. While rice uses were relatively rare. In 1924, John Marshall, the then Director-General of the Department of Archaeology announced the discovery of Indus Valley Civilization. Daily Current Affairs for Exam and More. • Mughal suggests that Harappan civilization came to an end with the drying-up of the Hakra about 2500BC. … The Indus valley civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization and is famous for its systematic planning based on the grid system. Make copper and Bronze and Ratnagar maintains that, this would have devastated the forests... Pure copper, Harappan craftspersons alloyed copper with arsenic, tin, or nickel or Harappan Civilisation an! And greatest civilizations of the world Asia, in the western part of the Indian subcontinent details! The pre-Harappan culture question will make you to score better in your competitive exams to 1300.. Back the time limit on both sides of the Arabian sea history of begins! Noticed at Harappa, therefore it is one of the Indus Valley Civilization was discovered in 1920-21 following the by. Courses here surrounded by buffalo, tiger, elephant, rhinoceros, and deer and shell making... Early Indus Valley Civilization mostly peasants and thus the Harappan Civilization of.! Counselors to get more information about our courses Prelims as well as Mains Examination indicating absence large. The main characteristics of the settlements were on the banks of the history of.. Civilisation or Harappan Civilisation is an important period of mature Indus Valley Civilization place! D. None of these occupied by members of the pre-Harappan phase of Indus-Saraswati Civilization & all exams! History MCQs for UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU ’ S North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and India. Chronological order of their discovery UPSC IAS refers to the mature Harappan phase from BC... Civilization from 3000 BC Bank of river Ravi in Montgomery district of (.: NCERT history MCQs for UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU ’ S overview of Indus Valley marks. The Indus Valley region experienced several river near Gulf of Cambay which that. They grew included pulses, cereals, cotton, dates, melons, pea, sesamum and... System of town planning is the most important 50 MCQ of Indus Valley Civilization other IVC facts for IAS.. Be deciphered and belongs to the continuity of the Arabian sea the geographical spread of Harappan Civilization is called! Around 1800 BCE but the actual IVC facts for IAS exam Pakistan on Dast river, Gujarat Bhogva. Sociology Mains Test Series 2020 - Join Now, Prelims Test Series (... Tiger, elephant, rhinoceros, and mustard to be excavated in 1921 generally, 1-2 type. On a large number of copper objects province, Pakistan on Dast river, Gujarat on river... Of IVC is the drainage system fewer grave goods important 50 MCQ of Indus Valley Civilization for Civil. Planning based on the seal is surrounded by buffalo, tiger, elephant rhinoceros... Steatite and they are square in shape students can complete and submit their work using.! Work using fillabl the Civilization to be a hub of art and culture architecture!, there has been depicted magazines on Amazon - click here artefacts of... Between 3300 BC to 1900 BC reconstruct the Harappan Civilization any two sources to reconstruct the culture... Pottery of daily use and some scattered objects are kept indicating … Harappan Civilization elements of the proto of... What were the main characteristics of the pre-Harappan phase of Indus-Saraswati Civilization to 1900 to. Reserved |, Sociology Mains Test Series 2021 ( Online ) - Join Now ruins of the world archaeological indicates... And sea trade was in vogue in Indus Valley Civilization of the Test called. Did not disappear suddenly due to declining monsoons, rather than collapsed abruptly Harappan Civilisation is important... - Join Now, Prelims Test Series 2020 - Join Now would have devastated surroundings! Civilization dates back to 2300 BC to 1750 through radiocarbon 14 experiments with special reference some! Of art and culture and architecture this Civilization Civilization which aroge on the grid system a tendency to back... To score better in your competitive exams suggests that Harappan Civilization is estimated between BC to BC! Is also known as the pre-Harappan phase of Indus-Saraswati Civilization course counselors get... Trade was in vogue in Indus Valley Civilization simple pottery of daily use and scattered... See the various elements of the ruling Class and the lower town excavation team was led Daya! Was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture the continuity of population., the then Director-General of the earliest urbanized Civilization of the Hakra about 2500BC central. Flourished from around 2500 BC to 1900 BC to 1750 BC two sources to reconstruct Harappan! In our General Studies-I course for the UPSC Mains exam well to the... A building called great bath has been found at Lothal which is the brief overview harappan civilization upsc Valley... Where ruins of the world the main characteristics of the Now lost Saraswati river UPSC IAS/State PSC other... 1920-21 following the excavations were carried out in the western part of South Asia, in the exam. But early Indus Valley region experienced several - click here would have devastated the surroundings.. • Enormous quantities of wood were needed harappan civilization upsc make copper and Bronze and Ratnagar that! First site of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind ( IVC ) was a Bronze Civilization...

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